The meaning of ‘fake news’ – Episode 1

Hello, I’m Hugo. And I’m Sam. Welcome to Fake News: Fact and Fiction from BBC Learning English. In this sequence we’re looking at a topic that’s on the gratuity of everyone’s tongues: bogu story. Yes fake news – we’ll find out what it is and what it isn’t. We’ll look at where it comes from and how it can be dangerous and we’ll also prove you how you can become a fake news detective with tips-off and suggestions for developing your critical deliberation skills.We’re starting today with the look at the word fake itself – what does it actually mean and how do we use it? Over to you, Sam. Okay, well actually, thank you Hugo, I wanna show you something I developed earlier so it’s really over to me, Sam So what do we know about the word fake? The utterance forgery is first recorded under the late 18 th century. It’s slang are exploited by crimes in London with symbolizes connected to their illegal works. Today it can be an adjective, a noun or a verb and is used when talking about things that are not real , not genuine but are available to reach beings think that they are real or are genuine. So where do we see this word? The story is full of stories of fakes – fake works of art, forge concert tickets, bullshit documents and fake diplomata to call simply a few cases. In some plazas you can buy fake designer goods even knowingly or unknowingly. However those looking forward to a negotiation could end up with dangerous forgery goods or even bullshit medicines.All these various kinds of counterfeits can be called counterfeit. Being hoax isn’t always for criminal grounds, though. People and how they behave can be called bogu more, like smiling, roaring being injured and even, even, even, yes , not self-confident but want to ace that job interview – fake it till you make it. And sometimes what is fake is more ethical. For precedent, if you wear fur is it real or forgery? Fake fur is regarded has become still more ethical so much better so that real fleece is sometimes labelled as impostor. So knowing what is real and what is fake and what is fake impostor is likely to be knotty. How do we espouse what to buy, where to go, even where to stay? Many of us look at discusses online but even then we have to watch out for forges. The digital world-wide of social media and the internet are places where it can be very difficult to tell what is fake and what is real and that accompanieds us to perhaps the most common phrase associated with the word fake these days – fake news Fake news – do you listen what I am saying? Something different here…Yes, so obviously those were fake ears.And that’s a impostor laugh but it’s a slapstick classic bogu ears truly simply to demonstrate that not everything counterfeit is bad. And can I say that laugh was a counterfeit laugh? That’s a really good question actually but no. So we use the word counterfeit to describe real objects, real things that are forgery or for example reports money, illustrations, jewellery, they can all be imitation but a laugh no matter how impostor or false is not counterfeit no.And you, have you had any experience with hoax things? So I did have a friend who was setting up his own business and he did ask me to write him a counterfeit inspect online. What happened? Ah no statement. What about you? I haven’t bought anything bogu or forgery but I think we’ve seen you know forge t-shirts, forgery shoes, purses everywhere right. But now let’s turn to fake news itself. Yes. So the words counterfeit and story as we know have existed separately for a long time but as a writer Hugo, when did you start seeing them together being used as a thing.I think we all became more familiar with it in the 2016 election campaign in the US because Donald Trump was a big fan of it to essentially dismiss anything he didn’t like but you may be surprised to find out that he wasn’t actually the first one to use it. Earlier I was joined by Mike Wendling from BBC Trending. He’s written a piece called’ The almost complete history of phony information’ and he was here to explain more about the recent history of this term. So parties may be surprised that Donald Trump wasn’t you know the first one to use it back in the election in 2016. No actually it was his opponent Hillary Clinton who was the first person to utter the words forgery word and she was describing a process by which people were inventing legends and they were going viral on social media. These storeys were bogu, they only being written…There was a far-famed pattern that was uncovered by BuzzFeed where these narrations were being written by people in Macedonia and those people weren’t definitely interested in Trump or interested in bashing Hillary Clinton. What they were interested in was coin. Through Facebook they could draw people into their websites and then make money off of advertise and that’s why they wrote these sensationalised completely made-up fibs that we now have come to know as fake word. And misinformation you know fake news has existed for many many years right but now the difference is social media and how easy it is to you know spread this kind of disinformation.That’s right – there’s always been mistakes, propaganda, invent, or only lies by political nominees, that has always existed. This is a new type of information and a new type of how information spreads online and what that entails is that it can be spread faster than ever before by people who might be anonymous or might be thousands of kilometres away. So it’s really a challenge for media organisations, social media the agencies and genuinely all of us to try and figure out how to separate the truth from the fiction. And you can find out more about Mike’s work on the BBC Trending blog on the BBC News website and including information on the BBC World Service. Mike thanks for joining us. Thank you. So Sam, what did you make about what Mike was saying there? I thought it was really really interesting and he mentioned oaths like revolve and publicity which we are going to talk about more in a later curriculum but a single word I wanted to pick up today was the word’ viral’ that he used.So viral is the adjective and it comes from the noun virus which as you know is a medical expression and as you are aware of the fact a virus can spread certainly, really quickly so when we use something viral when we use the term viral, to go viral online, it mostly symbolizes it spreads really really quickly across the Internet. Yes we all know about it, very interesting. Now before we wrap up for today, Sam, remind us about the word fake. OK, utterly. So bullshit entails not real it is not genuine and grammatically the word fake can be a verb. So you can fake a smile, you can fake a laugh, as Hugo did before, you can also fake being self-confident. It can also be a noun so a envision is a fake, the diamond reverberating my grandmother left me was a fake for example, and it is commonly used as an adjective so I was talking earlier about the hoax revaluation which I of course didn’t write and also if you’re unfortunate you might buy fake tickets for a concert or things like that.If we’re talking about forgery objects like records, coin or copies of well-known brands for example you can also use the word counterfeit. Thank you, Sam and that’s all from us today. Do join us again next time on Fake News: Fact and Fiction. Thank you, bye-bye. Goodbye ..

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