This is the second video given on innovative experiment approaches. The first was on arts-based methods and the third will embrace transformative experiment frames and indigenous experiment programmes. | But this presentation is about research use engineering and desegregated procedures study. We’ll start by looking at the use of technology in investigate. Technology can be used at all stages of the research process if nothing else. Researchers are going to be sending emails to each other throughout from the very start to the very end of the process. But technology is most commonly used at the data collection and analysis theatres as well as for this communication that happens throughout. Technology is also very helpful for planning experiment think about spreadsheets Gantt planneds all those great tools, the projection proposing and the projects who are present technologically. Ir’s also great for regulate research into context we go to the internet to find academic literature, grey literature, other forms of contact installs, secondary data perhaps that may determined research into context. Great for lecture, powerpoint, Phrases and so on and and for dissemination through the internet through multimedia through Cds and so on and of course for collaboration.Technology is a huge help to researchers but it’s not entirely only positive because technology can also go wrong. Equipment can break down the knowledge of health researchers maybe inadequate to the situation that they are experiencing technologically speaking. Technology changes how we work as well it is an opportunity yields us opportunities that we wouldn’t otherwise have as well as causing disappointment. For sample if you audio record an interrogation get back to the office and discover that your tape or other chronicle device is in fact space that would be a nasty surprise. There are also nice surprises, investigates are now exercising social media and apps and all kinds of technological devices. We do need to remember that technology does reform our study rehearse and try to acknowledge when that happens. It’s not a bad thing in itself but it is important to recognize when and how technology alters and has an effect on our rehearse as researchers .| So if you’re using technology in experiment, it’s important be pointed out that the digital partition is still very much there and it’s quite a big chasm in fact. Those of us “whos working” perhaps in universities or for organizations where we earn an income and all the organizations are technologically connected and we’re technologically connected and we have maybe a smart phone and a laptop or an iPad or whatever it is. It can be easy to think that everybody’s connected everyone has access everyone’s online it’s not tru. There’s still quite a percentage of people in the UK for example I think its twenty eight percent at the last count who don’t have access to technology. And access itself isn’t an absolute so I’m quite well connected I have a smartphone I have a laptop if I get mugged and my is stolen containing my smart-alecky telephone and my laptop how much access then do I have? none until I can maybe replace those members pieces or find somebody else’s machine I can acquire to access the Internet. So there is something wrong of exclusion if you’re doing experiment abusing an app for a smartphone your player puddle is only those people who have smartphones that can download and the skills to download and use that app so exclusion isn’t undoubtedly just about hardware it can also be about talents these are important things to remember .| Also doing study online perhaps employing social media or other forms of contacting beings online, you need to be aware of ways that that can cause participants to become unsafe. It’s harder to maintain privacy and obscurity online you need to understand how people’s identity can be tracked online you may be for example doing research utilizing Facebook your participants may give you permission to access their Facebook pages they may friend you on facebook so that you can collect your data they may not realize that they’re also inadvertently giving you access to other reports connected to their Facebook accountings to their Instagram account or their Pinterest account or their Twitter account which they didn’t wished to accede to you utilizing. As an ethical investigate, I’m sure you wouldn’t use those reports but if you weren’t ethical you were able to do and if someone else was able to hack your account and thereby access theirs, they could end up being stalked online or cyber bullied or other forms of undesirable and unsafe conduct that they could find themselves on the sharp-worded receiving demise of. | So we need to be aware of our data footprint, of our players digital footprint and how those things can interact. Likewise technology can be quite seductive and are truly mistakenly compel parties to act unethically. So for example if you’re analyzing quantitative data squandering the SPSS software statistical container for social scientists you need to know which forecasts in which measures you are able to run for your particular data set its particular configuration. It’s not ethical to run all the tests because if you’re looking at a five percent likelihood tier and you run 100 assessments then five of those are likely to produce significant answers but that’s not ethical that’s phishing and that’s not okay. You need to run the tests that are appropriate for your data set and see if you get a significant result. Similarly with exhibitions you can do all the charts and graphs and infographics your slithers will be so overloaded that people won’t be able to read them let alone remember what it is you’re trying to say.Just because you can make a bazillion charts abusing Excel doesn’t mean it’s a good idea. You need to make good decisions about what’s present and how to be submitted and not let the technology lead the apart. | There are some real positives to study squandering engineerings. So for example video assigns like this one have been used for explaining a research project so that perhaps beings with recall disability or young children are able to watch it more than formerly as many times so that they may decide whether or not they want to take part in the research. It may be someone talking like I’m doing here or it may be animation for example for children there have been some nice examples where investigates have raised livings clarifying what the research they’re doing is about. | Online inspects can be really useful because they can be made so complex and yet the pathways through a sketch from a participants viewpoint may be only a few questions long but there’s lots of remit for if this answer is given at this place go in that direction if this other rebut is given disappearing the other direction that might take 60 pages on paper but online you are eligible to obscure all the answers that aren’t necessary all the questions that you don’t need the participants to answer and simply present the ones that you do need. Also it’s quite easy to complete a inspection if “youre connected” and you have a device on hand it’s quite easy to do it down and then click send get it done. | Videos are great for observational research although there are limitations. You’re merely go to what the camera is pointing out unless you have more than one camera you will miss some attitudes and also it’s challenging to analyse because there are so many features if you’re discover beings interacting in a natural situation, are you going to analyze their dialogue, are you going to analyze their body language, their clothing what else what other factors might there be that you might want to analyze it can become extremely complex and time-consuming and difficult to transcribe as a result but it is very accurate and it does enable you to to go over and over again so if your video in quite a complex situation you can focus in on little areas to look at them again and see what’s really going on much more easily than you kind of if you’re observing something complex like that in person.Technology is great for traversing lengths so I’ve mentioned skype interviewing that’s fantastic. I’ve conducted Skype interrogations with beings literally on the other side of the world and it’s worked very well indeed. And for intersection boundaries in other paths so across disciplinary frontiers, across administrative boundaries, technology helps us to understand what’s going on in other stadia helps to break down the old-fashioned silos of disciplines and studies and organizations that used to cause truly more problems than they solved in the sense of increasing the knowledge in the world. Technology is a great aid for teaching. It’s really helpful for convey info for enabling people to look at do cast like this one in their own time, in their own way and as much or as low levels of it as they like rather than having to sit through a lengthy lecture at a time prescribed by someone else. And of course we have access now to huge quantities of data through engineering. Authorities are making their data open for organizations. There’s a lot of secondary data and this data is not only quantitative but also qualitative. There was still qualitative data repositories where you can find interviews records and all sorts of other kinds of qualitative data epitomes and so on. | So that’s a brief overview of research use technology. Now we’re going to look at mingled programmes experiment. Traditionally, study methods weren’t mingled and what that required in practice was that research was either quantitative or it was qualitative and never the twinned are required to comply with. Then I fantasize one day someone had a radiant thought and said let’s talk to those other parties doing that other research and meet what they’re about. And so the punishment of mixed methods research was born from those gossips and first it was mingled both quantitative and qualitative in the same project. This was revolutionary for a hour then it became more mainstream and now you can mix different qualitative methods and have a purely quantitative project that remain desegregated techniques or equally you can mix different qualitative methods and have a entire project that is desegregated methods but too perfectly qualitative or you can mix quantitative and qualitative as was done in the first place. Likewise when it began was around mixing different methods of gathering data so you are able to do a examination for the quantitative area in some interrogations for the qualitative line-up and then analyse them separately analyze them together. But now we also look at mixing methods of contextualizing so you might do a literature review and a different form of context adjusting perhaps use quantitative data, you might use different kinds of literature in your literature review you might incorporate personas that would be a form of mixing methods. You might mix methods of analyzing your data so you might use narrative analysis and discourse analysis and see if they tell you different things about the same data set. You might mix records of writing so you are able to write prose and poetry in the same presentation same written presentation.You might mingle methods of presenting you might use speech and songs and idols and haiku you might mix methods of dissemination so you might have an exhibition but then you might film at exhibit and settled the cinema on YouTube all sorts of ways that you can mix techniques in research. But it’s not for doing just for the sake of it it’s really only sensible to mixed methods if your research question calls for you to do so and that is important to remember. Where desegregated methods research I foresee really comes into its own is when the research question is particularly complex and so a single procedure isn’t really going to cut it isn’t really going to enable us to investigate that question as fully as we need to do .| There are some problems with desegregated methods experiment. It does make more resources because you’re using more techniques so inevitably it’s going to go more experience more money and so on and it can be difficult working with researchers from other self-disciplines particularly when they work perhaps in a slightly different paradigm so it’s important to have speeches at a very early stage about how “youre working” what programmes you use why you use those methods find out what your epistemological and ontological postures are and how those can be integrated and how those can be brought to work together or if not integrated then how you can use from each of those to contribute to the research process. | Also it can be difficult at analytic stage if you’ve got different data sets you’re probably going to analyze those separately initiated with may use different forms of analysis but there will come a target where you want to integrate or synthesize those findings to try to make a coherent narrative that can be really difficult. Sometimes it’s just not possible because they tell such different stories that in itself grows an interesting question about why that should be and it may simply indicate that you need to do further study that you need to collect more data analyzed in a different way to try to get to the bottom of whatever the problem is that you’re facing .| Mixed approaches investigate needs to be carefully designed as mingled procedures project right from the beginning. What won’t work is if your research is becoming a bit rocky in the middle and you hurl a few cases more procedures in to try and fix it that’s really not a good sentiment that’s not going to work. You need to plan it from the start be clear about why you’re using more than one programme at whichever theatre of the research process you want to mix your methods. | And this is probably the most mature of all the different types of imaginative investigate procedures so there are some journals and gazettes that I would recommend to you. These are probably the classic ones in the field so I’ll left open now on this move for you to take down if you want to write down or go and look for in the library or whatever and that will end this presentation on mixed techniques research.We will look next at transformative study frames and indigenous study techniques ..